Which branch of engineering should I choose? | Engineering Branches Scope

Which branch of engineering should I choose | Engineering Branches

Which branch of engineering should I choose? | Engineering Branches Scope

Which branch of engineering should I choose? This seems to be the most thought and asked question among students who are about to finish their 12th and are planning to opt for engineering. Before we dive into the tips to select the right engineering branch, let’s explore our options!

Engineering Branches and their Scope

India is booming. Due to the emergence of several India’s public and private sectors, there is no shortage of engineering and administrative jobs. But the real question is which are the branches of engineering which are in demand and which branches are better in terms of placements. First of all, let’s check out the scope of the popular ones.


Mechanical Engineering is a branch of engineering which applies principles of engineering, physics, material science and principles to design, analyze, manufacture and maintain systems. Furthermore, It is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production, operation, and maintenance of machines and systems. It is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines. It requires the understanding of core areas including mechanics, kinetics, thermodynamics, material science and structural analysis and fluid mechanics with their applications in Automotive Sector, Power Sector, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector, Aerospace. Mechanical engineers use several tools to design and analyze the systems such as computer-aided design (CAD), and product life cycle management.


Eligibility, Designations and Job Description

To get a Mechanical Engineering degree, aspirants need to crack the entrance examinations like IIT-JEE and post clearing the exam the selected candidates can avail admissions in various B.E./B.Tech colleges. In addition, after the bachelor’s one may choose to get a Master’s degree in their field of choice. In conclusion, it can be considered as a forever green branch.

The job profile and day-to-day task of Mechanical Engineers can be classified into Research&Development(R&D), Analysis, Production, Testing, Designing, Installation, and maintenance. Also, the basic task for a Mechanical Engineer could be:

  • To design and Implement the modification of the equipment in order to improvise the safety and reliability
  • To create the specifications of the project along with the production and maintenance teams.
  • To perform the tasks of developing, testing and designing of the systems and tools.
  • To manage the entire project by applying the essential skills required for management of the product.

Which branch of engineering should I choose | Engineering BranchesMechanical Engineering – Job Opportunities

To put it honestly, job opportunities for Mechanical engineers are widely available across the globe. There is always scope for growth and exposure in the various public and private sectors for engineers. According to several surveys, it is found that Mechanical Engineering could be the highest paid option to choose for building a career. Hence, mechanical engineering is probably a great option in terms of career and earning potential.

Sectors which take Mechanical Engineers

  • Thermal power industry
  • Automobile industry
  • Oil and gas exploration and refining industries
  • Gas turbines industry
  • Aviation
  • Air conditioning and refrigeration industry
  • Aerospace industry
  • Agricultural sector
  • Armed forces
  • Shipping industries
  • Pharmaceuticals

Government sector, PSU and Private Firms offering jobs to the Mechanical Engineers in India

  • The Indian Bureau of Mines
  • Siemens
  • Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd
  • Bharat Electronics Limited
  • Chennai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.

Electrical Engineering Scope

Electrical Engineering deals with the understanding and application of electricity and electronics and electromagnetism. Also, electrical engineering has now been subdivided into a wide range of subfields including digital computers, power engineering, telecommunications, control systems, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, and microelectronics. Many of these subdisciplines overlap and also overlap with other engineering branches, spanning a huge number of specializations such as hardware engineering, power electronics, electromagnetics & waves, microwave engineering, nanotechnology, electrochemistry, renewable energies, mechatronics, electrical materials science, and much more.

Eligibility, Designations and Job Description

The prime eligibility criteria to become an electrical engineer is to have a B.E/B.Tech degree in Electrical Engineering. Furthermore, candidates with M.Tech degree are considered to have the highest educational qualification in the field and it definitely gives them a higher earning potential. Hence, it is definitely an option to eye for.

The job profile or positions of the Electrical Engineers can be classified into Quality Control Engineer, Design Engineer, Reliability Engineer, Test Engineer etc. In addition, the following are the job responsibilities of an electrical engineer:

  • To design and develop the efficient most electrical equipment and machinery
  • To control the equipment for generating energy using electricity
  • To organize and supervise the manufacturing, installing, maintaining, support system and testing the equipment and electrical machinery to assure the specifications and customer requisites.
  • To transmit and distribute the electrical energy and telecommunication

The job profile probably may differ from company to company. However, in general, electrical engineers are expected to accomplish almost the above-given tasks.

Electrical Engineering – Job Opportunities

In a country like India where the energy sector is the boom and the requirement for energy and its storage is never ending, As a result, there is a huge requirement and numerous opportunities for electrical engineers. Also, with the rising need of electricity, energy requirements and the advancements in the energy sector everywhere around the world, the demand for Electrical Engineers has also risen up. Consequently, there is always going to be demand for engineers in this sector.

Sectors taking Electrical Engineers

The most suitable sectors for electrical engineers are the power plants of every type, atomic, thermal or hydel. The electrical engineers are required in almost every sector, public or private and also in railways, electrical design firms and consultancy firms, electricity boards, Which branch of engineering should I choose | Engineering Branches

  • Crompton Greaves Limited
  • ABB
  • Reliance Power Ltd
  • ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation)
  • PGCIL (Power Grid Corporation of India Limited)
  • CIL (Coal India Limited)
  • BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited)
  • SAIL (Steel Authority of India Limited)
  • Siemens Ltd
  • Wipro Lighting Ltd


Chemical Engineering is that branch of engineering which applies physical sciences i.e. physics and chemistry, life sciences i.e. microbiology and biochemistry), together with applied mathematics and economics to produce, transform, transport, and properly use chemicals, materials, and energy. In addition, a chemical engineer designs large-scale processes that convert chemicals, raw materials, living cells, microorganisms, and energy into useful forms and products.

Eligibility, Designations and Job Description

Candidates with a degree in B.E./ B. Tech in Chemical Engineering from a reputed college/institution are recruited by some of the industry giants in this sector. Furthermore, the Chemical Engineering provides the position of Industrial Engineers, Applications Engineer, Patent Associates, Process Engineer and a Researcher. Also, the Chemical Engineers have a wide scope of employment in several public and private sectors.

As a Chemical Engineer an individual is expected to perform the following roles and responsibilities:

  • To Design, construct and supervise the installation of plants and equipment
  • To operate and maintain the equipment needed in manufacturing the chemicals in the plants
  • To prepare the measures to the problems and increase the productivity in terms of production and designing
  • To create modernized and high-quality materials needed for running the industrial economy

Chemical Engineering – Job Opportunities & future

Most of all, sectors like chemical industries, power production, foods and manufacturing, plastic, mining process, engineering designs, material science, nanotechnology, etc hire chemical engineers. Also, students who are willing to perform research in the chemical engineering field can also have their aim achieved as several top universities take candidates as laboratory experts and professors in chemical engineering divisions. Furthermore, a master’s degree and even a Ph.D. can be pursued in this sector in the area of interest.

Due to the expansion of the chemical industry, the chemical engineering is believed to be one of a branch of engineering which is always demand and consequently, it opens up several job opportunities across the globe. In addition, with the growing technologies in the other sectors, the industry is also expected to evolve phenomenally in the years to come.

Which branch of engineering should I choose | Engineering BranchesSectors taking Chemical Engineers

  • Thermal power industry
  • Atomic power
  • Recycling department
  • Power conservation
  • Defense establishment
  • Healthcare related projects
  • Automobile industry
  • Air conditioning and refrigeration industry
  • Aerospace industry
  • Pharmaceutical

Government sector, PSU and Private Firms offering jobs to the Chemical Engineers in India

  • L&T (Larson and Turbo)
  • HUL (Hindustan Unilever)
  • Dr. Reddy’s Labs
  • Cadbury India
  • McKinsey & Company
  • Reliance Industries
  • Vodafone

We have covered about other top branches of engineering in other blogs, visit our blog, http://blog.collegekhabri.com

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